terça-feira, 20 de julho de 2010
The former Soviet Union and its neighbors are the only places in the world where the HIV epidemic is growing, mainly because of discrimination against infected children and drug users, according to a new United Nations report.
The number of HIV-infected people in Central Asia and Eastern Europe has increased by 66 percent to 1.5 million people since 2001, UNICEF said in the report published on its web site.
About 1.8 million people inject drugs in Russia, and 80 percent of them are under 30, the report said.
One of the main problems in Russia is that young people with HIV find themselves separated from society, said Bertrand Bainvel, UNICEF's representative for Russia.
"HIV-positive children are often denied access to schools and kindergartens, while they need more support," he said in an interview Tuesday. "We need to change the environment to improve the situation".
Five Russian regions have seen the number of HIV-infected people skyrocket by 700 percent since 2006, the report said, without specifying the regions.
In Russia and Ukraine, 6 percent to 10 percent of children born to HIV-positive mothers are abandoned in maternity wards, hospitals and residential institutions, with practically no chance for foster care, the report said.
But a study of HIV-infected mothers, their families and health-care workers from four regions in Russia showed that the disease itself was not the main reason for abandonment.
The Moscow Times
The plane crash in which Polish President Lech Kaczynski and 95 others died was a crime, the head of a Polish committee investigating the crash was quoted by Polish Radio as saying on Tuesday.
Last week a Polish TV station claimed the pilots of the plane that crashed in west Russia on April 10 were under pressure to land in thick fog.
Addressing the first session of the committee, formed earlier in July, Antoni Macierewicz said the political responsibility for the Smolensk catastrophe was "clear"
"I have no doubts, that what we have here is a situation which is so dreadful [...] that every word which inflates the drama is justified," he said.
Macierewicz has previously used the word "crime" to describe the Russian probe into the incident.
JINGGANGSHAN, Jiangxi - Chinese procurators have approved the arrest of 453,371 people involved in 303,810 criminal cases during the first half of 2010, according to a statement issued here on Tuesday.
Among those arrested, about 33,000 were minors, down 12.7 percent year-on-year, said the statement sent to Xinhua from a symposium held in Jiangxi province's Jinggangshan.
The symposium was attended by the heads of procuratorates from across the country.
A total of 13,214 people were investigated for commercial bribery or bribery in the construction sector, while 6,032 people were investigated for dereliction of duty and rights violations, the statement said.
Procurators have also investigated 26,793 people for work-related crimes from January to June. Among them, 11,885 people were prosecuted and, of these, 9,693 were found to be guilty.
According to the statement, a total of 286 people were investigated and penalized for work-related crimes while administering sentences and detention from January to June.
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev arrived on a two-day visit to Finland in the city of Turku to hold talks with Finnish President Tarja Halonen.
The talks will focus on Russian-Finnish relations including trade and economic cooperation, as well as partnership in the energy and lumber industries, European security and the simplification of a visa regime between Russia and the EU.
During the talks, the sides are also expected to discuss nuclear disarmament and nonproliferation issues.
The two presidents will also touch upon social issues concerning child adoption and Russian-Finnish families' child rows.
Last week Finland refused to sign an agreement with Russia on family and civil cases that was due to settle family-based incidents.
Finland has seen numerous high-profile family scandals since a law came into effect in 2008 giving the authorities the right to remove children thought to be in danger from their homes before legal proceedings have started.
The Farnborough International Airshow, a seven-day international trade fair for the aerospace business held biennially in Hampshire, England, opened on July 19, 2010.
In all, 1,500 companies from 39 countries attended the 2008 show, while this year's involves 1,350 participants from 52 states. In all, 59 Russian companies, including 27 defense industry contractors, are taking part in the event.
The Boeing 787 Dreamliner, a long range, mid-sized, wide-body, twin-engine jet airliner, has made its first transatlantic flight and will be on display at the 47th Farnborough Airshow.
The B-787, which performed its maiden flight in December 2009, is called a revolutionary aircraft, and with good reason. The Dreamliner, which features more composite materials than any other large passenger aircraft to date, also consumes 20% less fuel than other planes in its class. Consequently, Boeing has signed contracts for the delivery of more than 800 B-787s, and this is certainly not the limit.
The Dreamliner highlights one main trend in the development of civil aviation. State-of-the-art aircraft technology is primarily used to facilitate fuel efficiency, while the performance and specifications required were attained many years ago and are unlikely to change in the near future.
CHICAGO, July 20 (UPI) -- Chicago Cubs Manager Lou Piniella said Tuesday he would retire at the end of the 2010 season, his fourth leading the Cubs and 23rd as a major-league manager.
Chicago had winning seasons each of Piniella's first three seasons as manager but the Cubs are 42-52 and in fourth place in the National League Central going into a game Tuesday against Houston.
Piniella, 66, said he announced his plans because team General Manager Jim Hendry asked him of his plans and "I told him I had made the decision to retire at the end of the season.
"Since my decision has now been made, I don't want to mislead anyone about my intentions when asked about the future," Piniella said in a statement from the Cubs.
Piniella is 307-271 as the Cubs manager and took the team to the division title in 2007 and 2008. Counting his managerial service with the New York Yankees, Cincinnati Reds, Seattle Mariners and Tampa Bay Rays, Piniella has a 1,826-1,691 record. He was also voted manager of the year three times.
Paul Weller, The xx, Dizzee Rascal and Corinne Bailey Rae all make the 12-strong list
By Anthony Barnes, Press Association
Chart veteran Paul Weller was today shortlisted for the Mercury Music Prize for the first time in 16 years - and will battle it out with past winner Dizzee Rascal.
Also in the running are hotly tipped The xx - whose music provided the theme for the BBC's election coverage - and 40-something Mancunian trio I Am Kloot have made their shortlist debut with their fifth album.
They are among 12 acts battling for the respected award, officially called the Barclaycard Mercury Prize, which rewards the outstanding album of the year.
Dizzee, whose career has soared in recent years, first won the Mercury with debut release Boy In Da Corner in 2003. This latest nomination for Tongue N' Cheek is his third in only four albums, as he was also listed in 2007 for Maths + English.
Weller has only once been nominated for the Mercury since its 1992 launch. His second solo release, Wild Wood, was shortlisted in 1994, losing out to M People's Elegant Slumming on the night.
Also finding a repeat inclusion is Laura Marling, whose I Speak Because I Can follows her 2008 debut Alas, I Cannot Swim on to the shortlist.
As well as a £20,000 prize, the award can be an invaluable method of raising awareness for shortlisted acts and many see a huge sales boost.
However, last year's winner, Speech Debelle, bucked the trend and failed to strike a chord with the music-buying public. Her album Speech Therapy has still to dent the top 40.
Established names on this year's list include Corinne Bailey Rae - whose album The Sea deals with how she coped following the death of her husband - and Scottish rock trio Biffy Clyro.
Kendal quartet Wild Beasts - noted for Hayden Thorpe's unusual countertenor singing voice - and Oxford's Foals are both shortlisted for second albums.